In the last part, 5 applications of GIS in environmental sciences were introduced. In the following, the other 5 applications will be introduced:
6. Natural resources management:
With the help of GIS technology, resources like agriculture, water and forestry can be protected and managed. And with that Foresters can easily monitor the conditions of the forests. Agricultural lands and the products that they cultivate are also monitored seamlessly. And also, water is monitored as one of the most important components of the environment in order to determine its distribution in different parts of the environment. The monitoring each of these sections allows the integrated information to be obtained and the environment better managed.
7. Mapping and analyzing the status of the soil:
Mapping and analyzing provides useful information for experts, about a certain area, including the suitability of the soil for various needs and activities. GIS helps to determine the type of the soil in a specified area and depending on the type of soil the appropriate steps are determined for any project in the area. The soil map (determined by GIS) of a region is widely used for agricultural development and maximizing the use of the land.
8. Pond landslide map:
Wetland play an important role in the health of the environment and surrounding ecosystems and preserve water for dry periods, thereby keeping the groundwater level almost constant. It also reduces the severity of flooding and suspended materials in water. The GIS determines the area where wetlands and artificial lake projects are needed.
9. Irrigation management:
The availability of water for irrigation purposes in different areas, include information that can be obtained by using the GIS tool.
10. Identification of volcanic hazards:
volcanic hazards for humans life and the environment include volcanic eruptions, volcanic clouds and lava flow. The potential hazards of a volcano in an area can be identified using the history of volcanic activities in the area and implement the information gained in the GIS tool. Therefore, the estimation of the economic losses due to volcanic activities in a regain using the GIS tool is possible.