سه شنبه ۱۷ تير ۹۹ - ۱۲:۳۸

۱۰ Important application of GIS in Environmental Sciences (1)‎

۱۰ Important application of GIS in Environmental Sciences (1)‎

۱۰ Important application of GIS in Environmental Sciences

The GIS is a tool that is used to collect, analyze and store geographic information using software and computer systems, and then the information is used by a verity of entities or used in decision making and planning.‎ Accordingly, GIS  has various applications in different sectors, one of the most important of which is the field of environmental science and engineering.‎ The following ten GIS applications are of the most important applications that are related to the environment.‎

  1. Environmental impact assessment:

Environmental Impact Assessment or EIA is one of the most important measures for the conservation of natural resources and the environment.‎ Many human activities have potentially harmful effects on the environment, including building construction, construction of highways, railways, water and gas pipelines, airports and waste disposal centers and ……etc.‎ environmental impact assessment report usually contain specific information about the extent and scope of the projects on the environment and help them to achieve the least environmental damage.‎

  1. Crisis management:

Today, a developed GIS system is used to protect the environment against potential crises.‎ This system helps to control different types of crises more rapidly, and also to avoid further losses caused by the crisis.‎

  1. Zoning based on the risk of landslide:

one of the most important and dangerous crises is the risk of landslide, and for this purpose, spatial and geological information related to different layers of the earth and to a seatrain region, and with using these information different regions are classified according to the risk of landslide.‎ This categorization helps in identifying areas with higher risk for eventual incident.‎

  1. Determine the type of land cover and its use:

land cover is the feature that makeup the surface of the earth.‎ Using land means using it for specific purposes.‎ The GIS tool has a role in determining the use of the land, the type of land cover and the changes that occur in different areas of the land.‎ Also the GIS tool determines the changes that occur both naturally and through human activities, and the effects of those changes.‎

۵. Estimating flood damage:

GIS helps to estimate the amount of funds needed to compensate for flood damage.‎ This application is of great importance for providing assurance for companies, because the tool helps to insure their property, assets and etc.‎ in a seatrain area at a reasonable probability level, and the amount of insurance payment needed after a crisis is calculated.‎

 

To be continued.‎.‎.‎

 

  آدرس: تهران- خیابان حافظ-روبروی خیابان سمیه- دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر- دانشکده نساجی - طبقه نهم- دفتر توسعه پایدار. صندوق پستی ۴۴۱۳-۱۵۸۷۵

 تلفن:  ۶۴۵۴۵۰۰۹ ۲۱ (۹۸+)

 فکس: ۸۹۷۸۹۲۷۲ ۲۱ (۹۸+)

 sustainability@aut.ac.ir و sustainability.news@aut.ac.ir

برای اطلاع از آخرین رویداد ها و اتفاقات در خبرنامه عضو شوید!