Final Statement of the Second Consensus on “Food Security and Sustainable Governance of Water Resources”

Second Water Resources Policy Makers’ Conference on “Food Security and Sustainable Governance” by the Center for Industrial and Productivity Engineering Research and Sustainable Development Office of Amirkabir University of Technology in collaboration with Ministry of Agriculture Jihad, Ministry of Energy, EPA and Chamber of Commerce, Mines The Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Agriculture held a meeting on 24 January 94 to identify challenges in this area and present practical solutions.

In this one-day visit, experts and regional water thinkers on five axes are expected to discuss water crises so the country can provide its financial services. The proposed method for this visit is in accordance with the year that their brothers have changed, at your service. Three experts in the field can always be used with executive vice presidents with free advertising clip designs.

Meeting Goals:

The main purpose of the meeting was to identify challenges in the country’s water resources, to form a think tank and specialized working groups to work together to address the water shortage crisis and to propose strategic plans for the Sixth Development Plan.

Meeting topics:

The axes selected for the discussions of the Second Sustainable Water Governance Summit can be summarized as follows:

  1. Food security
  2. Sustainable Governance of Water Resources.
  3. Water resource management
  4. Institutional, Legal and Structural Aspects of Water Resources Management.
  5. Cultural aspects and information in water resources management.

The final statement file containing 38 paragraphs is attached and can be downloaded.

Attachment:

Detailed Report and “Final Statement” on Water Resources Policymakers’ Sustainable Productivity and Governance of Water Resources

Water Resources Policy Makers Conference on “Sustainable Productivity and Governance of Water Resources” was held on January 25, 2014 at Amir Kabir University of Technology at the Ministry of Energy Conference Center.

Hamshahrionline:

We need to recognize the drought and remove it from the list of crisis headquarters and unexpected events,” said the head of the country’s Environmental Protection Agency. According to IRNA, Masoumeh ebtekar at the first Water Resources Policy Makers Conference held at the Ministry of Energy’s Conference on Sustainable Water Resources Productivity and Governance said: Forecasts of global scientific centers indicate a continuing drought and drought in various parts of the world, especially the Middle East. she said that drought should be considered as a reality in all macro and strategic plans of the country, stating that this is a situation for those countries that are thinking about good governance and essential role in the future development and environment of their country. Great alert. The low-carbon economy is under development.

He said global warming is another warning, saying global warming is projected to rise by one degree, and that all countries are required to come up with strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and in our country a low-carbon economy is at hand. Editing. The initiative emphasized the need to formulate and implement solutions to tackle the effects of global warming, she added: “We have dealt with less in the scientific foundations and executive and strategic policies while one of the principles of strategic management is defining the vision and planning for the future.” she said that the ground should be prepared for the people not to worry about the future, stating: In the eleventh government there is a view that while dealing with immediate crises, we cannot neglect the strategic perspective of the future.

Referring to the existence of a water crisis in a large part of the country, Initiative said: Coping with the water crisis in the country requires a shift in attitude towards water management and holding such conferences will help this intellectual revolution and formulate executive policies. she announced the drafting of the Wetlands Bill in the Eleventh Government and said: “Fortunately, in addition to the critical view of water and the environment, the Council of Ministers has received special support from these sectors, and is working to modify the implementation policy by formulating the Wetlands Bill.” One-way water transfer designs help preserve wetlands. she described the right of nature to provide natural services to supply water to the agricultural, industrial and drinking sectors, adding that this right should be considered sustainable so that nature can continue its services. The Vice President emphasized the need to protect the wetlands of the country and said that with the positive view of the government next year, a good credit line will be allocated to the wetlands of Hamoun, Bakhtegan, Parishan and especially Urmia Lake, which reflects the government’s special focus on water and environment. Is life. The initiative emphasized that we must move the evolution of the water sector to all levels of economic and decision-making in the country, she said. “We must start from the beginning of science and keep this evolution in policies and programs, because this is a cycle. Is interconnected. He described environmental assessment as the main strategy for development adaptation to the environment and continued: “The bill is on the government’s agenda and has been passed in its entirety.” The first national conference of water resource policymakers on “Sustainability and Sustainable Governance of Water Resources” was today (Thursday) attended by Minister of Energy Hamid Chitchian, President’s Cultural Adviser Hassamuddin Ashna, Masoumeh Initiative Chief of Environmental Protection, Mahmoud Hojati Minister of Agriculture Jihad, Morteza Shahidzadeh, Managing Director of Agricultural Bank and Sayyid Ahmad Motamedi, President of Amirkabir University of Technology, held a conference at the Ministry of Energy. The conference aims to work together to resolve the water crisis to identify challenges in the country’s water resources and to provide practical solutions for use in the Sixth Development Plan, with the support of the Amir Kabir University of Technology and Sustainable Development Research Center, in collaboration with the Ministry. Energy, Ministry of Agriculture Jihad, Environmental Protection Agency, Tehran Municipality, Agricultural Bank and Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture Tehran and Iran have been arranged. Water resources management, economic aspects of water, social aspects of water, environmental aspects of water, institutional, legal and structural aspects of water, and aspects of culture, education and information are key drivers of this thinking.

The full report of the conference and its closing statement are available from the link below.

Attachment:

نخستین هم انديشي سياست گذاران منابع آب با عنوان “بهره وري و حكمراني پايدار منابع آب”

هم‌اندیشی سیاستگذاران منابع آب با عنوان “بهره‌وری و حکمرانی پایدار منابع آب” ۲۵ دی ماه سال ۱۳۹۳ توسط دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر در مرکز همایش‌های وزارت نیرو برگزار شد.

همشهری آنلاین:

رییس سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست کشور گفت: باید خشکسالی را به رسمیت بشناسیم و آن را از لیست ستادهای بحران و حوادث غیرمترقبه خارج کنیم. به گزارش ایرنا، معصومه ابتکار در نخستین هم‌اندیشی سیاست‌گذاران منابع آب که با عنوان بهره‌وری و حکمرانی پایدار منابع آب در سالن همایش‌های وزارت نیرو برگزار شد، افزود: پیش‌بینی مراکز علمی جهانی حاکی از ادامه خشکسالی و کم‌آبی در مناطق مختلف جهان به ویژه خاورمیانه است. وی با بیان این که پدیده خشکسالی را باید به عنوان یک واقعیت در تمامی برنامه‌های کلان و راهبردی کشور مد نظر قرار دهیم، اظهار کرد این وضعیت برای کشورهایی که به فکر حکمرانی خوب و نقش اساسی در آینده توسعه و محیط زیست کشور خود هستند، یک هشدار بزرگ است. اقتصاد کم کربن در دست تدوین است. وی گرمایش زمین را هشداری دیگر دانست و گفت: پیش‌بینی می‌شود دمای عمومی جهانی به میزان یک درجه افزایش یابد و در این زمینه تمامی کشورها ملزم به ارایه راهبردهایی برای کاهش گازهای گلخانه‌ای شده‌اند و در کشور ما نیز برای این هدف، اقتصاد کم کربن در دست تدوین است. ابتکار با تاکید بر لزوم تدوین و اجرایی شدن راه‌حل‌های مقابله با آثار گرمایش زمین، افزود: ما در مبانی علمی و سیاست‌های اجرایی و راهبردی کم‌تر به این موضوع پرداخته‌ایم در حالی که یکی از اصول مدیریت راهبردی تعریف چشم‌انداز و برنامه‌ریزی برای آینده است. وی با بیان این که باید زمینه برای مردم طوری آماده شود که نگران آینده نباشند، تصریح کرد: در دولت یازدهم این نگاه وجود دارد که در عین رسیدگی به بحران‌های آنی، از نگاه راهبردی به سوی آینده نمی‌توانیم غافل شویم.

ابتکار با اشاره به وجود بحران آب در بخش وسیعی از کشور، گفت: مقابله با بحران آب در کشور نیاز به چرخش نگرش در مدیریت مصرف آب دارد و برگزاری چنین همایش‌هایی به این انقلاب فکری و تدوین سیاست‌های اجرایی کمک خواهد کرد. وی از تدوین لایحه تالاب‌ها در دولت یازدهم خبر داد و گفت: خوشبختانه هیات وزیران افزون بر نگاه نقادانه به حوصه آب و محیط زیست، حمایت‌های ویژه‌ای را نیز از این بخش‌ها داشته و با تدوین لایحه تالاب‌ها، در تلاش است با تعدیل و اصلاح سیاست اجرای طرح‌های یک سویه انتقال آب، به حفظ تالاب‌ها کمک کند. وی حق‌آبه طبیعت را امکان انجام خدمات طبیعی برای تامین منابع آب برای بخش‌های کشاورزی، صنعت و شرب تعریف کرد و افزود: باید این حق‌آبه به صورت پایدار در نظر گرفته شود تا طبیعت قادر به ادامه خدمات خود باشد. معاون رییس جمهوری با تاکید بر لزوم حفاظت از تالاب‌های کشور، گفت: با نگاه مثبت دولت در سال آینده ردیف اعتباری مناسبی برای تالاب‌های هامون، بختگان، پریشان و به ویژه دریاچه ارومیه اختصاص یافته که این موضوع نشان‌دهنده نگاه ویژه دولت به موضوع آب و محیط زیست است. ابتکار با تاکید بر این که باید تحول نگاه در بخش آب را به تمامی سطوح اقتصادی و تصمیم‌گیری کشور منتقل کنیم، گفت: باید ابتدا از مبانی علمی آغاز کنیم و در سیاست‌ها و برنامه‌ها این تحول نگاه را داشته باشیم؛ چرا که این موضوع یک چرخه به هم پیوسته است. وی ارزیابی زیست محیطی را راهکار اصلی برای سازگاری توسعه با محیط زیست برشمرد و ادامه داد: این لایحه در دستور کار دولت قرار دارد و کلیات آن نیز تصویب شده است. نخستین همایش هم‌اندیشی ملی سیاست‌گذاران منابع آب با عنوان “بهره‌وری و حکمرانی پایدار منابع آب” امروز (پنج شنبه) با حضور حمید چیت‌چیان وزیر نیرو، حسام‌الدین آشنا مشاور فرهنگی رییس جمهوری، معصومه ابتکار رییس سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست، محمود حجتی وزیر جهاد کشاورزی، مرتضی شهیدزاده مدیرعامل بانک کشاورزی و سید احمد معتمدی رییس دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر در مرکز همایش‌های وزارت نیرو برگزار شد. این همایش با هدف هم‌اندیشی جهت رفع بحران آب به منظور شناسایی چالش‌های موجود در حوزه منابع آبی کشور و ارایه راهکارهایی عملی جهت استفاده در برنامه ششم توسعه و با حمایت مرکز تحقیقات مهندسی صنایع و بهره‌‌وری و دفتر توسعه پایدار دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر با همکاری و حمایت وزارت نیرو، وزارت جهاد کشاورزی، سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست، شهرداری تهران، بانک کشاورزی و اتاق بازرگانی، صنایع، معادن و کشاورزی تهران و ایران ترتیب یافته است. مدیریت منابع آب، جنبه‌های اقتصادی آب، جنبه‌‏های اجتماعی آب، جنبه‌های زیست محیطی آب، جنبه‌های نهادی، حقوقی و ساختاری آب و جنبه‏‌های فرهنگ‏‌رسانی، آموزش و اطلاع‌رسانی محورهای اصلی برگزاری این هم‌اندیشی است.

فایل ضمیمه: Water Governance Meeting_0

Replacement of biodegradable packages in Amirkabir University

Have you ever thought how your role in environmental protection? Think about how much food packaging you throw out every day?!
Plastics play an important role in almost every aspect of our lives. The largest amount of plastics is found in containers and packaging that we use them just for once, in the meantime polystyrene foam packaging is a proven hazard to the environment in several ways.
Plastic products persist in the environment long after use, creating one such hazard. The widespread use of plastic within households make congestion a larger problem for landfills everywhere. one of the principles of waste management is reducing the production of waste at source. Waste management refers in part to diverting post-consumer waste from landfills, but it also refers to practices that prevent or minimize the use of certain materials in the first place. Several biodegradable alternatives have been created to reduce and eventually replace plastic waste. Biodegradable packaging plays an important role in the packaging industry due to the ever increasing consumer awareness and importance of using eco-friendly, biodegradable packaging materials instead of conventional non-biodegradable ones.
AUT office of sustainability with Amirkabir University Authorities cooperation in order to solve this problem decided to remove the polystyrene packaging from the waste stream generated in Amirkabir University’s dining room. For this purpose, sustainable waste management committee want to implement alternative plan of the containers for one month in dining room to be established in the event of acceptance by students.

We need to educate new environmental leaders for climate change mitigation

Climate change, an issues which is not only crucial in scientific societies but also in the life of ordinary people. We could not neglect the importance of this topic in Iran. Otherwise, our country will face with critical problems.

The United Nations Climate Change Conferences are yearly conferences held in the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They serve as the formal meeting of the UNFCCC Parties (Conferences of the Parties) (COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change, and beginning in the mid-1990s, to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. From 2005 the Conferences have also served as the “Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol” (CMP); also parties to the Convention that are not parties to the Protocol can participate in Protocol-related meetings as observers.

The COP conference are listed in following, 1995: COP 1, The Berlin Mandate, 1996: COP 2, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997: COP 3, The Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change, 1998: COP 4, Buenos Aires, Argentina; 1999: COP 5, Bonn, Germany; 2000: COP 6, The Hague, Netherlands; 2001: COP 6, Bonn, Germany; 2001: COP 7, Marrakech, Morocco; 2002: COP 8, New Delhi, India; 2003: COP 9, Milan, Italy; 2004: COP 10, Buenos Aires, Argentina; 2005: COP 11/CMP 1, Montreal, Canada; 2006: COP 12/CMP 2, Nairobi, Kenya; 2007: COP 13/CMP 3, Bali, Indonesia; 2008: COP 14/CMP 4, Poznań, Poland; 2009: COP 15/CMP 5, Copenhagen, Denmark; 2010: COP 16/CMP 6, Cancún, Mexico; 2011: COP 17/CMP 7, Durban, South Africa; 2012: COP 18/CMP 8, Doha, Qatar; 2013: COP 19/CMP 9, Warsaw, Poland; 2014: COP 20/CMP 10, Lima, Peru; and 2015: COP 21/CMP 11, Paris, France [1].

COP 19/CMP 9 meeting in Warsaw, 2013

 Furthermore, another main scientific intergovernmental body which works under the auspices of the United Nations is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It was first established in 1988 by two United Nations organizations, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The IPCC produces reports that support the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which is the main international treaty on climate change. The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) is consisted of three Working Group (WG) Reports and a Synthesis Report. WG-I: The Physical Science Basis, WG-II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability; WG-III: Mitigation of Climate Change. This report provides an update of knowledge on the scientific, technical and socioeconomic aspects of climate change. IPCC also published an Inventory Software and its manual. In Iran also National Climate Change Office (NCCO) was established in January 1998 under the auspices of the Department of the Environment. This office published initial report and second report on March 2003 and December 2010, respectively. The third report is under publishing [2]. In these reports the status of Iran in Greenhouse Gas production in different sectors was mentioned. Because of the importance of climate change, the Goal 13 in SDG is allocated to climate change: “Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts” [3]. Also, it is a main section in Global Environment Outlook (GEO), it should be mentioned that Dr. Maknoon will participate from Iran in GEO 6 .

climate change 2014 report was published

 By the way, recent projections from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) raised fears that storm activity in the eastern Mediterranean would decline this century if global warming continues on present trends[4]. In addition, Iran will face a hotter and drier future due to climate change, Gary Lewis said, the UN resident coordinator in Iran [5]. Decrease on rainfall is the first effect of climate change in Iran. So, some environmental problems are going to become a catastrophe if the government doesn’t act immediately such as Khuzestan haze storm [6] and Lake Urmia [7]. Furthermore, Change the future of agriculture patterns [8],[9] air quality in cities [10] are the main issues regarding to climate change. Consequently, as discussed above, make a clear and robust road map for research institutes, universities, industries, private sections and NGOs should be next step by government.

Compare Lake Urmia in 1998 and 2014 photo adopted

AUT’s Office of sustainability has made its own moral responsibility to reduce the environmental foot print of AUT’s campus. So, we are following the last upcoming events and training students. Some research projects are done to achieve this goal such as green buildings at campus, increase the awareness of students toward climate change by meetings and visiting, calculate CO2 emitting from transportation at AUT’s campus, reduction paper consumption and create a platform for youth entrepreneur in sustainability. We also collaborated volunteering with the UNEP research project on the attitude of Iranian youths for the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and a research project on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) supported by the Iran environmental protection agency.In both of them, climate change is one of the main sections of both agendas.
It is obvious that we need an immediate action to mitigate or adapt climate change. And students as the youth leaders of future at university need to learn what they could do now and in future. Therefore, it will be necessary to allocate a course in the curriculum of the university or holding workshops for students to encourage them for practical and tangible action again climate change. I would like to finish this article by this slogan “Think Global, Act local”.
Written by: Morteza Nikravan

[1]http://en.wikipedia.org/
[2]http://climate-change.ir/
[3]Open Working Group. “Open Working Group proposal for Sustainable Development Goals.” (2014)
[4]https://www.science.unsw.edu.au/news/climate-change-may-boost-middle-eas…
[5]http://www.tehrantimes.com/component/content/article/93-interviews/12247…
[6]http://financialtribune.com/articles/people/11450/dust-storms-also-infli…
[7]http://sustainability.aut.ac.ir/node/299
[8]Abbaspour, Karim C., et al. “Assessing the impact of climate change on water resources in Iran.” Water resources research 45.10 (2009).

[9]Gohari, Alireza, et al. “Climate change impacts on crop production in Iran’s Zayandeh-Rud River Basin.” Science of the Total Environment 442 (2013): 405-419.

[10]Orosa, José Antonio, Gholamreza Roshan, and Saeed Negahban. “Climate change effect on outdoor ambiences in Iranian cities.” Environmental monitoring and assessment 186.3 (2014): 1889-1898.

How to create a more effective lab safety program?

HSE group of sustainability office & ASSET will hold:

Civil and Environmental Engineering Dep. – 1st building, 4th floor, audio visual room.

This interesting and entertaining one-hour webinar confronts one of the more common excuses for not having or improving the lab safety program … “it costs too much.”  This is simply not true.  Excellent lab safety programs do not need to cost large amounts of money.  Five simple lab safety program components will be presented and discussed to demonstrate this important theme.  These are the critical components for an effective lab safety program. 

 Participants learn how to create a more effective lab safety program without a purchase order or requisition.  You don’t want to miss this opportunity for a highly informative, worthwhile and enjoyable learning experience.

For more information, please find the attachment.

Towards an orientation of higher education in the post Rio+20 process: How is the game changing?

Language:

English

Writer(s): 

Beynaghi, F. Moztarzadeh, R. Maknoon, T. Waas, M. Mozafari, J. Hugé, W. Leal Filho

Location: 

Futures (63), Pages 49–67,

Date: 

November 2014

Abstract: 

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001632871400127X

Green Building Committee

“Sustainability” is one of the world’s most talked about during last 2 decades. Construction industry, because of its significant contribution in economic growth on the one hand and inadequate attention to its’ environmental impacts on the other hand, has had destructive effects on environment. Beside these, in the world of construction, buildings have the capacity to make a major contribution to a more sustainable future for our planet. Some recent investigations estimate that buildings in developed countries account for more than 40 percent of energy consumption over their lifetime (incorporating raw material production, construction, operation, maintenance and decommissioning). Moreover, for the first time in human history, over half of the world’s population now lives in urban environments and it’s clear that sustainable buildings have become vital cornerstones for securing long-term environmental, economic and social viability.

 Consequently, sustainable design and construction aims to meet present day needs for housing, working environments and infrastructure without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs in times to come. It incorporates elements of economic efficiency, environmental performance and social responsibility – and contributes to the greatest extent when architectural quality, technical innovation and transferability are included. 

Considering importance of these matters, Green Building Council was established under Sustainable Committee on with duty of implementing green building criteria in any new construction at Amirkabir University of technology. Furthermore, based on these concepts, sustainable construction group have focused on a set of target issues:

1.Dissemination of knowledge in related academic, technical and social contexts.

2.Developing national environmental rating system for Green buildings.

3.Providing consulting services in new construction projects.

Research Areas:

 Our brief resume:

Conference:

– Holding the 1st national conference on sustainable construction, Amirkabir University of Technology, March 2013

Workshops:

– Nikravan, M., Azizi, A., “Sustainable construction and introduction of LEED”, 9th international congress on civil engineering, Isfahan university of technology, 2012

– Nikravan, M., Azizi, A., “Sustainable construction and introduction of LEED”, 1st national conference on sustainable construction, Amirkabir University of Technology, 2013

– Nikravan, M., “Sustainable construction and introduction of LEED”, 1st national conference on sustainable buildings, Mashhad, 2013

– Nikravan, M., “Sustainable construction and introduction of LEED”, 1st national congress on construction engineering and projects assessment, Gorgan, 2014

Books:

– Nikravan, M., Azizi, A., under supervision of Dr. Reza Maknoon, “LEED for environmental rating system of construction (proposed guideline)”, Translated in to Persian, Amirkabir University of Technology Press, 139 Page, Winter 2012

Thesis:

– Rashidi, A., “A BIM-Based Framework for Implementation of LEED credits in Iran”, M.Sc. Thesis, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, 2014

– Gharazi, T., Developing a national framework for LEED implementation in Iran, M.Sc. Thesis, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, 2014

Papers:

– Kardgar, M., “Investigation of sustainable materials role in construction industry”, 1st national congress on construction engineering and process assessment, Iran, Golestan, Gorgan, 2014

– Rashidi, A., “Applying Building Information Model (BIM) for Building Sustainable Design”, 18th national conference of Iranian Society of Environmentalists, March 2014

– Raeisi, Z., Heidari, Sh., Nikravan, M., “An investigation of widespread building rating systems according to criteria for sustainability and compare to national building codes”, Journal of Vernacular Architecture and City, 2014

Projects:

– Nikravan, M., “Green University and Sustainable Development”, term research, advised by Prof. Maknoon, Amirkabir University of Technology, 2009-2010

– Nikravan, M., “Life cycle assessment (LCA) of building materials”, term research, advised by Prof. Maknoon, Amirkabir University of Technology, 2009-2010.

AUT Office of Sustainability Newsletter: Issue 3, Winter 2013

This issue of AUT Office of Sustainability Newsletter include:

  1. RIO+20 outcomes
  2. Books on Environmental Law
  3. Technology Safety Data Sheet (TSDS)
  4. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of Natural Disasters
  5. ….

You can download the newsletter from the publications section of the website.

China to Limit CO2 Emissions for The First Time

China is considering an absolute cap on its CO2 emissions from 2016, a senior adviser to the government said on Tuesday, a day after Washington announced new targets for its power sector, signaling a potential breakthrough in tough U.N. climate talks.

Progress in global climate negotiations has often been held back by a deep split between rich and poor nations, led by the United States and China, respectively, over who should step up their game to reduce emissions.

But the statement by adviser He Jiankun, coupled with the U.S. announcement, sparked optimism among observers hoping to see the decades-old deadlock broken. The steps come ahead of a global meet on climate change starting on Wednesday in Germany.

Adviser He had suggested at a conference in Beijing that China would put the cap in place by 2016. But he later told Reuters that the idea was his personal view.

“What I said today was my personal view. The opinions expressed at the workshop were only meant for academic studies,” he said. “What I said does not represent the Chinese government or any organization.”

Earlier, He had told the conference: “The government will use two ways to control CO2 emissions in the next five-year plan, by intensity and an absolute cap.”

China is the world’s biggest emitter. Carbon emissions in the coal-reliant economy are likely to continue to grow until 2030, but setting an absolute cap instead of pegging them to the level of economic growth would mean they would be more tightly regulated and not spiral out of control.

“The Chinese announcement marks potentially the most important turning point in the global scene on climate change for a decade,” said Michael Grubb, a professor of international energy and climate policy at University College London.

It is not clear at what level the cap would be set, and a final number is unlikely to be released until China has worked out more details of the five-year plan, possibly sometime next year.

The United States, the world’s second-biggest emitter, announced plans on Monday for the first time to rein in carbon emissions from its power sector, a move the Obama administration hopes can inject ambition into the slow-moving international climate negotiations.

Source: http://www.nbcnews.com/science/environment/china-considering-cap-co2-emi…